Ecosystem Degradation and Hunger

AQUATIC ECOSYSTEM DECLINE AND HUNGERIn a few decades, we have drained a large part of our wetlands, felled riparian forests, and changed, narrowed and channelled streams. With tens of thousands of large dams, we have destroyed the stability of river habitats. We have polluted and overexploited aquifers and rivers, which sometimes do not even reach the sea. In the name of “progress,” we have broken the water cycle, so that continental water ecosystems have the highest proportion of extinct or endangered species.This devastation not only affects biodiversity but also exacerbates two major human crises: access to drinking water and hunger. Most of the protein in the diet of poor communities comes from fishing. Today, we are witnessing human disasters, and even more serious ones are announced each day. This is happening through the destruction of fisheries. The Amazon, Aral Sea, Lake Chad, Sinú, Paraná, Mekong … all are examples of how the degradation of rivers and lakes may aggravate problems of hunger in the world.

The Mekong River · Thailand, Laos and Cambodia

THE COLLAPSE OF AN ARTERY The livelihoods and cultures of the 60 million people living in the Lower Mekong Basin are intimately connected with the river’s natural cycles. Boasting one of the world’s most diverse and productive inland fisheries, the … Sigue leyendo

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The Gibe 3 Dam · Ethiopia

KILLING THE OMO’S HEARTBEAT Half a million people live along the Lower Omo in remote southwestern Ethiopia and around Lake Turkana in northern Kenya which receives the Omo’s waters. The crops, livestock and fisheries of at least eight distinct indigenous … Sigue leyendo

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Indus Delta – Pakistan

“CLOSE YOUR EYES, IF YOU PREFER NOT TO LOOK” The desiccation of the Indus Delta is one of the world’s most underreported ecological disasters. A vast complex of massive dams, barrages, and irrigation canals has drastically reduced the flow of … Sigue leyendo

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The Aral Sea – Kazajstan / Uzbekistan

“HOW COTTON KILLED THE SEA” Once the fourth largest lake in the world, the Aral Sea has in the last five decades lost more than three-quarters of its area and two-thirds of its volume. To grow cotton and rice, the … Sigue leyendo

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Lake Chad, An Environmental Catastrophe – Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon

THE DISAPPEARING LAKE Lake Chad was one of the largest lakes in the world, but climate change and the massive diversion of its waters for huge irrigation projects has reduced its surface area from 26,000 square km in 1960 to … Sigue leyendo

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